Regardless of the overwhelming heterosexuality of main-stream news representations, portrayals of homosexual and lesbian people on tv have grown to be notably more prevalent since 1997 whenever Ellen became the initial tv program to possess a gay leading character. This increase is visible within the introduction of gay figures on numerous programs such as for instance Spin City, ER, Dawson’s Creek, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, in addition to demonstrates that give attention to homosexual figures in leading functions such as for instance Will and Grace and it’s really All general. In addition, cable channels have actually included programs such as for example Queer as Folk, Six Feet Under, and Oz that depict homosexual figures much more complex plot lines in accordance with more explicit sexual habits.
Even though the existence of lgbt figures could have increased recently on both broadcast that is commercial cable sites, its ambiguous just just just how usually television addresses the intimate dilemmas and issues of intimate minorities.
As noted earlier in the day, when homosexual and lesbian figures have actually been contained in programs, they will have usually been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, nearly all of exactly exactly just what happens to be posted up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including show that is single studies), centering on just just just how particular programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually evaluated the total amount of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et that is al; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported in the prevalence of intimate portrayals and speak about sexual issues pertaining to gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.
This paper centers on factors evaluating nonheterosexual content that were included as an element of two larger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US television.
Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv periods are accustomed to respond to questions concerning the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and intimate talk relating to nonheterosexuals. Particularly, the information analyses address two research that is broad: (1) as to what extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, especially sexual behavior and explore sex, present in tv development general and just exactly what habits emerge across system genres, system kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time programming? (2) When nonheterosexual intimate content does take place, what’s its regularity and exactly how does it differ across genres, types of community, and prime time versus nonprime time development?
A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to acquire two big yearly random types of tv programs of best interest to adolescents and therefore were inclusive of many sections of this tv industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 commercial broadcast systems (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable sites (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One on One); WB, which tailors its programming to white youth, with programs such as Gilmore Girls, 7th Heaven, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which shows music videos and other programs (e.g., dating reality shows) watched by many teens and young adults because the content analyses were part of a larger research project on television exposure and adolescent sexuality, several networks were included because of their appeal to young audiences including UPN, which televises a substantial chaturbate tiny number of programs with young African American characters ( e.g.
Composite week sampling designs have already been utilized in past content analysis studies to have representative types of tv development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997). This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily selecting times of the week or particular time slots for recording over many weeks to lessen possible bias that might be introduced if all taping had been done inside a calendar week that is single. Recording associated with test took place mainly more than a 7 period in the fall each year week. Because season premiere episodes are staggered through the entire thirty days of September, we started taping when all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the season that is current. Each week, three various times of the week had been arbitrarily chosen for taping from all 11 channels, along with a week associated with the week represented 3 times when you look at the test. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (from which time youth that is most are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign had been lost or the show was pre empted by sporting or any other events that are special proceeded through the entire winter season.